Obesity: Causes and Treatments

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Obesity is one of the most serious modern-day diseases resulting from the new global lifestyle. It has become a real threat to public health and affects the human body and its functions. Obese persons usually suffer from negative psychological and social problems, as a result of the changes that happen to their body shape, weight, movement ability, and strength.

Obesity may affect men and women of different ages, and for many reasons, such as the consumption of unhealthy food that is rich in fat and sugars, hormonal changes and fluctuations, genetic factors, side effects resulting from certain types of medicines, lack of movement, and psychological disorders that may lead to increased appetite and excessive eating.

There are different types of obesity: generalized fat deposits or localized fat deposits concentrated in certain areas of the body (such as the neck, chin, back, top and behind the arms, buttocks, thighs, and duck leg). Both types are harmful to health, annoying, and must be treated in a correct and appropriate manner. Otherwise, mistreatment may be more harmful than obesity itself.

In the same context, abdominal fat is not only annoying and embarrassing, but is the most dangerous to human health. It is the primary cause of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, insulin resistance syndrome, and heart disease. As a general rule, the larger the width of the waist, the higher the probability of the occurrence of serious health problems.

Mechanisms to get rid of generalized obesity and localized obesity:

A healthy and proper diet, physical exercise, drinking sufficient amounts of water, and refraining from smoking and drinking alcohol are essential factors to maintain a healthy and proportional body. However, in many cases, generalized obesity or localized obesity may require medical intervention to facilitate, promote, and accelerate weight loss and help reshape the body. These interventions help obesity patients to continue their fight against obesity and remain optimist to achieve their goals faster.

There are two main types of medical intervention:

Surgical intervention: through surgical operations to break up and suction out the fat, and body sculpting surgery in regions with fat concentration and resistant regions. These methods are applied in cases where obesity patients are not capable of losing fat though diet and physical exercise, and have proved to be effective and successful, especially when performed correctly by obesity specialists in medical centers authorized to perform such cosmetic surgical procedures. It must be emphasized that these operations are not the ultimate solution for the treatment of obesity, but a means to improve the external appearance of patients.

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