Investors should focus on investments that offer yield, quality and diversification amid expectations that the global economy will avoid recession but experience fragile growth in 2012, according to Bill O’Neill, Chief Investment Officer for Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA) at Merrill Lynch Wealth Management and the author of the Merrill Lynch Wealth Management Year Ahead 2012.
Global economic growth, at 3.7%, will be led by emerging markets. U.S. growth will improve slightly, rising to 1.9%, while China will benefit from a soft landing, comments Mr O’Neill.
World economy on the brink – but slump can be averted
The pressing need for mature economies to reduce debt, combined with weak business spending and soft asset prices, threatens to result in a global recession. However, a worldwide slump can be avoided, according to the Merrill Lynch Wealth Management Year Ahead 2012 analysis. China’s growth is expected to slow but experience a soft landing as the authorities move to reflate early in 2012.
“We see the Chinese economy expanding by 8.6% in 2012, compared to an expected 9.2% this year,” says Mr O’Neill. The main risks to China’s economy are higher inflation or slower investment. India and Russia should maintain their strong growth of 2011 (full year 2011 growth is expected to be 7.5% and 4%, respectively).
The U.S. Federal Reserve is likely to support the housing market to combat high unemployment and to keep rates flat until at least 2014, comments Mr O’Neill. Consumers across the G5 (Canada, the Eurozone, Japan, the U.S. and the U.K.) will benefit from an easing of inflation. The G5 economies should continue to grow in a meagre fashion, collectively by 1.1%, below the expected 1.4% in 2011.
A disorderly Eurozone sovereign default and/or withdrawal from the common currency head the major risks. Other potential negatives include continued policy paralysis in Europe, contagion to other regions from Eurozone deleveraging, possible currency wars, the risk of bank runs (a rapid withdrawal of deposits by investors) and over-zealous fiscal austerity. Europe is a candidate for possible positive surprises too, says Mr O’Neill.
First, the European Central Bank (ECB) could move more quickly than expected to monetise sovereign and bank debt, however, there is a chance that such a response comes only after further damage has been done to growth prospects in the Eurozone. Second, an unexpectedly deep rate cut by the ECB to 0.5% may also improve the region’s outlook. The combination of a weaker Eurozone economy and a more active central bank will likely lead to a weaker euro in 2012. A depreciated currency should provide a support for the region in the face of weak final domestic demand.
A weak consumer and ripples from the Eurozone will likely force the Bank of England into further quantitative easing – but this might not prevent the U.K. entering recession in the first half of the year. “While current economic challenges are very different from those experienced in previous cycles, 2011 exposed the responses of policymakers as inadequate. A lack of internal and external coordination has been one of this year’s major disappointments,” says Mr O’Neill. “Improving global coordinated responses to indebtedness could give a major boost to the Eurozone and world economy.”
Focus on yield, quality and diversification as safe havens contract
Against the backdrop of fragile growth, investors are worried about the risks of even greater disappointment, according to Merrill Lynch Wealth Management’s Year Ahead 2012 analysis. “The task of ensuring diversification across investment portfolios is complicated by a shrinking set of ‘safe havens’,” says Mr O’Neill. “We are stressing yield, quality and growth in selecting equities.”
“In selecting equities in 2012, we are recommending a focus on large cap companies with strong cash flow and growing dividends,” Mr O’Neill says. “We urge caution but do not foresee catastrophe next year and continue to stress the need for a strategic framework to deal with ‘new normal’ conditions of slow growth and higher risks. This includes anticipating periodic bouts of substantial losses, volatility bubbles and frequent switching between ‘risk on/risk off’.”
Merrill Lynch Wealth Management EMEA recommends overweighting U.S. and U.K. to be most effectively positioned for this environment. U.S. large caps are the top pick, reflecting their more reliable performance in meeting analysts’ earnings forecasts than peers elsewhere.
Consumer discretionary, consumer staples and information technology are the three preferred sectors. These areas offer the best combination of earnings quality, valuation and alignment with the macro environment. Merrill Lynch Wealth Management EMEA also favours broad growth themes, including the emerging market consumer and global infrastructure. “We await policy easing in China before increasing emerging market holdings,” says Mr O’Neill.
Merrill Lynch Wealth Management EMEA also recommends being underweight both Eurozone and Japanese equities in 2012. While Japan’s growth should recover in 2012, corporate earnings are likely to disappoint. Eurozone equities are cheap and sentiment toward them is already at rock bottom, but Mr O’Neill warns it is too early to invest in the region due to its high risk.
In fixed income, investors should prefer credit to sovereign investments. This includes both investment-grade and high-yield corporate bonds, with a preference for U.S. companies. A tolerable level of defaults is already priced into the high yield market. Investors should particularly avoid sovereign and bank exposures in peripheral Eurozone economies.
“Attractive credit spreads price in a significant increase in defaults which in any case we do not expect. Core sovereign bonds remain unattractive in all scenarios, other than a prolonged global recession,” says Mr O’Neill.